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22 Sat. November 2014      16:32
Bahrain unrest timeline

Key developments in Bahrain, nearly four years after the eruption of Arab Spring-inspired pro-democracy protests that were subsequently crushed:

-- 2011 --

- February 14: As protests ripple across the Arab world following revolutions in Tunisia and Egypt, unrest breaks out in Bahrain, where a Sunni Muslim elite rules over a majority Shiite population.

Protests focus on Pearl Square in Manama, which security forces assault on February 17.

- March 14: Neighbouring Saudi Arabia, the region's major power, sends 1,000 troops into the kingdom to help quash the protests.

- March 16: Police clear Pearl Square of demonstrators, two days before the authorities demolish its symbolic monument. At least 35 are killed between mid-February and mid-March.

- June 17: Demonstrations resume after the state of emergency imposed in mid-March is lifted on June 1.

-- 2012 --

- February 14: Violent demonstrations on the anniversary of the uprising.

- April 22: The Bahrain Formula One Grand Prix goes ahead despite opposition calls for fresh protests and a boycott of the event.

- May 3: King Hamad ratifies constitutional amendments aimed at defusing unrest, but the opposition dismisses the extra powers given to parliament as not enough.

- November 7: Authorities revoke the citizenship of 31 Shiite activists for having "undermined state security".

-- 2013 --

- February 14: Two demonstrators and a policeman are killed in clashes as protests take place on the second anniversary of the uprising.

- April 21: The Formula One goes ahead without disruption, despite clashes between police and demonstrators in the hours preceding it.

- August 1: King Hamad decrees stiffer penalties for "terror acts."

- August 6: The king bans protests in Manama in an amendment to a law on public gatherings.

-- 2014 --

- January 3: The authorities accuse Iran's Revolutionary Guards of providing opposition militants with explosives training in order to carry out attacks.

- February 15: Protesters take to the streets of Bahrain to mark the third anniversary of the uprising.

- May 24: Prominent Shiite activist Nabil Rajab is released, but 13 oppositions leaders remain in jail for their roles in the uprising.

- June 25: A court acquits prominent Shiite opposition figure Khalil Marzooq on charges of inciting terrorism, a moved welcomed by Washington.

- August 7: A court strips nine Shiites of their citizenship, for the first time implementing a 2013 law which revokes the nationality of terrorism convicts.

- August 31: Authorities arrest the daughter of jailed activist Abdulhadi al-Khawaja, as she flies into the country to visit her father. A demonstrator is sentenced to death and a 10-year jail term against a photojournalist upheld.

- October 1: Rajab is arrested over tweets deemed insulting by authorities. He is freed on November 2, but banned from leaving the country.

- October 11: The opposition says it will boycott the November 22 legislative elections.

- October 28: A Bahrain court bans the opposition movement Al-Wefaq for three months. The United States expresses concern.

- November 16: Activists say authorities have arrested 13 women in a crackdown on people calling for an anti-regime referendum during the election.

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